No matter which aisle of a store you find yourself in, CBD has become the go-to ingredient for almost every ailment. Since it obtained legal personality in Farm Bill 2018, this non-psychoactive chemical extracted from the cannabis plant now appears in products ranging from lotions to dietary supplements. Although the evidence supporting CBD’s health effects is limited, existing research points to great potential for CBD to help people with epilepsy, anxiety, Parkinson’s disease, MS, schizophrenia, and even diabetes , according to Mayo Clinic.
Diabetes affects more than 37 million Americans and is one of the deadliest chronic diseases, notes the Centers for Disease Control. As of 2019, diabetes remains one of the top ten causes of death worldwide, and the World Health Organization says the number of people affected continues to grow. Most people with diabetes have type 2, which generally develops later in life and is mainly caused by extra body fat and a sedentary lifestyle. The remaining 5% of people with diabetes have it type 1an autoimmune disease commonly diagnosed in childhood (although an increasing number of children are also being diagnosed with type 2).
People living with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes face serious health problems, including an increased risk of stroke or heart attack, pain and circulation problems in the extremities, which can sometimes causing amputations, eye damage leading to blindness and eventually kidney failure. . Patients are understandably anxious to find treatments, and CBD can alleviate some of the health problems associated with the disease.
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties
One of the biggest potentials for treating diabetes symptoms with CBD comes from its power to reduce inflammation. Although the cause of inflammation in type 2 diabetes is not entirely clear, 2013 research indicates that inflammation can cause people to become insulin resistant, which can worsen their elevated blood sugar levels and further complicate their diabetic condition. Diabetic eye health, for example, is directly linked to inflammation. Chronic swelling of the macula (the back of the eye) can cause partial or even total vision loss.
A review of the literature published in 2021 reveals that dozens of studies show how CBD can reduce inflammation by reducing the number of cytokines (proteins that communicate information between cells). The same goes for type 1 diabetics; some mice study from 2016 showed a decrease in pancreatic inflammation when animals received CBD. According to a 2019 study in European Journal of Cardiology.
CBD can help with pain associated with diabetes
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High blood sugar, the most common symptom in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, can interfere blood flow and cause serious nerve damage, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Without a healthy pathway for nerves to communicate, a number of problems can arise, including chronic pain and numbness, especially in the extremities. this diabetic neuropathy it can eventually affect the autonomic nervous system and other parts of the body, sometimes incapacitating a person.
2020 research in the magazine Antioxidants found that CBD promoted better blood flow in rats with type 2 diabetes. CBD also activated 5-HT1A receptors in the brain These serotonin receptors play an important role in depression. By stimulating them, the patient receives an antidepressant experience, which can help alleviate diabetic neuropathy. Activation of these receptors also showed reduced behavioral and psychological responses to stress in rats. Finally, due to circulation problems caused by high blood sugar, people with diabetes also have difficulty healing wounds, and research indicates that CBD can help with this as well.
CBD can help prevent diabetes
When people ingest CBD, the chemical affects G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs): proteins that translate signals from outside the cell into a response inside the cell. These proteins can govern hormone signals, the transmission of information between neurons in the brain, and sensory input (sight, smell, and taste). 2018 research indicates that several GCPRs play a role in insulin resistance as well beta cell dysfunctionboth can trigger the development of diabetes.
A 2006 study published in Autoimmunity found that laboratory mice given CBD had lower rates of diabetes, as indicated by a markedly reduced production of pancreatic islets — Cells that trigger the hormones the body needs to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. But in 2021, when the research was published in Spectrum of diabetes When it came to human subjects, the results were not so promising. The researchers concluded that CBD was not a viable treatment for type 2 diabetes, but, the study noted, it also did not make the disease worse.
Be careful with CBD claims
Because CBD is not a drug regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, manufacturers of CBD products do not have to back up their claims with research, notes the American Diabetes Association. This reality leaves consumers in the dark about the efficacy and dosage of CBD in these over-the-counter foods, beverages, and personal care products. Additionally, CBD can cause unwanted side effects such as increased eye pressure, higher blood levels of certain drugs such as blood thinners, and reduced immune responses, all of which can negatively affect a person with diabetes.
Conclusion: No commercially available CBD product should be used to treat type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Both diseases can be life-threatening and should be monitored by medical professionals. As research into CBD and other cannabis compounds continues to grow, perhaps diabetics and other chronic disease sufferers will find more relief from its unique therapeutic properties. Until then, any claim that CBD is a miracle treatment for diabetes is just a marketing ploy.